Treemendous Trees

Today we are going to look at trees and see if we can start to identify some of them.

Below is a list of some of the most common trees you will find in the UK and you may even be lucky enough to have some in your garden. You are going to make your own tree identification chart that you can then take out into your garden or local area to help you identify the trees growing near you.

Trees are very important for several reasons they take in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and give out oxygen. They provide a habitat for a wide variety of wildlife and they also provide us with the materials for tools and shelter.

What is a habitat? A habitat is where something lives; animal, plant or even toadstool. It must provide food, shelter and the right conditions to reproduce – to make lots of little animals, plants, whatever.

How to identify trees?

Trees can be divided into two main groups; conifers and broadleaved trees. Conifers have ‘leaves’ which are scale like or long and needle like these Larch needles.

Larch tree needles

Broad leaved trees have wide flat leaves, like these from a Sycamore tree.

Two sycamore leaves

Depending on the time of year you are looking at your tree, you need to use different features on the tree to identify what species (type) it is. We have a graphic to help you identity the main feature of trees depending on what season it is.

Four images; Ash tree buds for spring, a Sycamore leaf for Summer, two pine cones for Autumn and tree bark for winter

Types of tree

The list of trees are (but feel free to add others):

  •  Ash
  • Sycamore
  • Beech
  • Rowan
  • Hawthorn
  • Birch
  • Horse Chestnut
  • Larch
  • Scots Pine

Identification Charts

You can find fantastic tree identification charts on the Opal Explore Nature and Woodland Trust websites using these embedded links.

Using these online identification charts you can make make your own Treemendous Tree Identification Chart on a blank sheet of paper.

Once you have made your own ID guide take it out into your garden or local area and use it to identify the trees there. You can add to your guide by writing a brief description about each one highlighting key identifying features.

For example, is it a conifer or a broadleaved tree?

Are the leaves simple? ( Does it have a single leaf attached to a stalk like the Beech leaf below)

A Beech leaf

Is the leaf hairy?

Does the leaf have a toothed edge or is it smooth?

Can you describe the bark – is it rough or smooth and what colour is it?

Are they compound leaves?  (These are leaves that are made up of several leaflets like this Rowan leaf)A Rowan tree leaf

We would love to hear what trees you are able to find in your local areas.